According to Greek mythology, the city of Athens is the motherland of the olive tree. The first olive tree was planted on the Acropolis by goddess Athena.
The myth says that Athena and Poseidon were laying claims to the same city. They decided that the one who offered the most valuable present to the people would gain overall control of the city. Poseidon struck the side of the acropolis rock with his trident and a water spring was formed. The Athenians admired the present but noticed that the water was very salty, just like seawater.
Athena offered the Athenians an olive tree, which provided the city with food, oil, wood and light. As a result, Athena became the protector of the city, which still carries her name: Athina.
Olympia was the most glorious sanctum of ancient Greece dedicated to Zeus, father of gods and people. It was the site, where the Olympic Games were held as part of the Olympia, the most important festival of Greeks in the most part of the antiquity.
The myth has it that the renowned club of Hercules was made of a wild olive tree. When he accomplished his 12 labours, Heracles planted an olive tree in Olympia. The olive wreaths known as kotinos, which were the prize for the winners of the Olympic Games, were made of branches of this wild olive tree. Hercules was the first who crowned the winner with such a wreath.
The olive wreath symbolized the luck and divine protection given to the crowned athlete.